Cancer of the prostate gland is one of the most common forms of cancer diagnosed in men each year. While some forms can be aggressive and require immediate treatment to prevent the tumor(s) from metastasizing (spreading) outside of the prostate gland to other organs and tissue, many cases can be relatively slow growing and remain confined to the prostate gland. When diagnosed and treated early, this type of cancer tends to be very treatable.
Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
As with many forms of cancer, prostate cancer does not always present symptoms in the early stages of the disease. When symptoms do occur, some of the most common include:
- ED (erectile dysfunction)
- Pain or discomfort in the pelvis
- Bone pain
- Problems urinating
- Blood in semen
Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer
While definitive information on direct causes of prostate cancer are still under investigation, there are some factors that can increase a man’s risk for developing the disease.
- Risk factors
- Age – The risk for developing cancer in the prostate gland increases with age.
- Race/Ethnicity- African American men are at a higher risk of developing aggressive, advanced forms of prostate cancer.
- Lifestyle – Certain factors like obesity and cigarette smoking can increase the risk of developing the disease.
- Family history – People with a family history of both prostate cancer and breast cancer, including the genetic mutations BRCA 1 and BRCA 2, could be at a higher risk for developing prostate cancer.
Stages of Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer tumors are typically assigned a stage or grade, depending on how advanced the disease is and whether or not it has spread beyond the prostate gland.
- Stage I. Prostate cancer is still in the earliest phase and is confined to a small portion of the gland.
- Stage II. Considered more aggressive, the tumors in this stage may be larger and have spread to both sides of the prostate gland.
- Stage III. At stage III the cancer has metastasized to the seminal vesicles or nearby tissue.
- Stage IV. The cancer is aggressive and has spread to other organs such as the bladder, lymph nodes, bones, lungs or other organs.
Contact a Prostate Cancer Specialist
Contact Bicher Cancer Center today to learn more about the state of the art treatments available to diagnose and treat prostate cancer in Los Angeles.you’re not alone